Art and madness: A study of the work of Dali
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His life, his work and position of Dali in the art world:
Dali was an egocentric artist who described himself as "El unico?(he who is unique).
He was born on May 11, 1904 in Figueras which is a small town in the Catalan province of Girona in northern Spain. He was the son of a notary, who had a reputation of being a strict disciplinarian. He was accused of causing the death of Dali's elder brother who was also called Salvador. The older Salvador Dali was born in 1901 died in 1903 i.e. nine months and ten days before the birth of Dali.Deeply affected by this event, his parents clothed the younger Dali with the same clothes, gave him the same toys and treated him as the reincarnation of their dead son and not as a different individual.
But he was treated well and all his needs were looked after. In the household of three women i.e. his mother, grandmother and sister, Salvador was a tyrant. It is important in the Catalan culture to be a free thinker.
Some images from the walls of his classroom in Figueras are frequently recuring components of his works.Dali was inspired by a friend of his father, Pepito Pixtot, whose brother Ramon was a well known impressionist painter, he was also inspired by Picasso in Paris.In 1921 his mother passed away.
He participated in an exhibition with other Catalan students in January at the gallery Josep Dalmau in Barcelona. Dali wanted to be "anarchist artist" and had a political consciousness that was awakened awakened. During its period of intense rebellion,he displayed his admiration for Vladmir Trotsky and wished for a revolution that was similar to the Russian revolution in Catalonia.
He befriended a poet called Federico Garcia Lorca and filmmaker called Luis Bunuel. These two accompanied his participation in Ultraist groups. He also led several avant-garde projects with them. But his meeting changed him completely in the year 1923.
Dali refused the advances of Lorca and said after a long time "It was a tragic and erotic love, because it could not be shared." Incidentally, Lorca wrote a poem in his honor, it was called: Ode to Salvador Dali.
At that time he was influenced by Italian Futurism and Eugene Carriere. His paintings were also influenced by Cubism. In November, Dali had his first exhibition at the Dalmau Gallery in Barcelona, where Picasso and Miro spotted his work and began following it.
In 1926, Dali was expelled from the School of Fine Arts for indiscipline and disorder. He was also jailed as a preventive measure during the dictatorship of Primo de Rivera in Girona. He became one of the leaders of the open rebellion against his teachers, who believed in the safety of Impressionism. Dali was more interested in cubism and believed that it was a style that was capable of expressing the deepest Self.