A new type of tourism: Activity-based tourism, the examples of dark tourism and sport tourism
- Executive summary.
- Travel: More activity based than destination based.
- Change in values and demand.
- The rise of a new tourist.
- The appereance of new tourism products.
- A new model of consumer motivation for travel.
- Sport tourism.
- Actual context.
- Implication and limitations of sport tourism.
- Dark tourism.
- Actual context.
- Implication and limitations of dark tourism.
- Conclusion and recommandations.
During the last decades, we have witnessed the existence of a tourism consumption model were consumers massively colonized all destinations worldwide indifferent to quality, environment and local cultures. However, for a few years, we have noticed the appearance of new trends in consumer behavior: need for real and authentic, fading fashion for sun, seek for new experiences, personal fulfillment. Tourists have shown new motivations for travel; they want to purchase different tourism services based on specific activities more than destinations. The tourism industry had to cope with these expectations and had created new segments such as ecotourism, space tourism, fashion tourism, etc. To illustrate the fact that travel has become more activity-based than destination based, I have decided to analyze two of these rising tourism segments.
[...] As an illustration to this model, new demands for tourism appeared such as cultural orientated, relaxation, sport tourism, ecotourism, dark tourism, adventure, trendy destinations We will present sport tourism and dark tourism further in this report as an illustration of this new activity- based tourism. Sport tourism To illustrate the activity-oriented tourism, I have chosen to develop the case of the sports natural tourism DEFINITION All forms of active and passive involvement in sporting activity, participated in casually or in an organized way for non-commercial or business/ commercial reasons, that necessitate travel away from home and work locality Standeven and De Knop (1999, 12). [...]
[...] Conclusion & recommandations Throughout this report, I have presented and analysed three of the major issues in the tourism industry in the past few years: travel has become more activity-based than destination-based, which we have illustrated by having a closer look to sport tourism and dark tourism. Sport tourism, on one hand, is now one of the fastest growing segments nowadays but this expansion shows some limitation such as negative effects on environment and conflicts of interest between local governments and tourism agencies. [...]
[...] Table of contents INTRODUCTION 3 REPORT Travel has become more activity based than destination based TOURISTS HAVE CHANGE IN VALUES AND DEMAND THE RISE OF A NEW TOURIST THE APPEREANCE OF NEW TOURISM PRODUCTS A NEW MODEL OF CONSUMER MOTIVATION FOR TRAVEL Sport tourism DEFINITION HISTORY ACTUAL CONTEXT IMPLICATIONS AND LIMITATIONS OF SPORT TOURISM Dark tourism DEFINITION HISTORY ACTUAL CONTEXT IMPLICATION AND LIMITATIONS OF DARK TOURISM 8 CONCLUSION & RECOMMANDATIONS 8 APPENDICES DARK TOURISM SPORT TOURISM 10 REFERENCES 11 Introduction Tourism has existed for centuries in different forms and has given us a legacy of travel writing, dating back from the Roman times. [...]