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Electronic commerce: security of e-commerce

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  1. Introduction
  2. Birth of E-commerce
    1. The creation of internet
    2. A revolutionary idea
    3. The model of Baron
    4. The Arpanet
    5. The e-mail
    6. The TCP protocol
    7. Domain Name System (DNS)
    8. Request for comments
    9. The world wide web
    10. Pioneers of the e-commerce
  3. The E-commerce today
    1. Objects and forms of the e-commerce
    2. On-line payment and obligations of the salesman
  4. Conclusion

E-commerce can be defined as all the electronic exchanges connected to the commercial activities. It recovers any operation of sale of goods and services via an electronic channel. Internet is thus only a support among the others of the e-commerce with, among others, the EDI (electronic data interchange), the telephone (Audiotel) or the television (Pay-Per-View). If the e-commerce is not a new phenomenon, the very fast development of Internet and NICTs brings in a new dimension, because it allows in theory to touch the world market at a lower cost.

This revolution comes along with an extension of the offer of the traditional goods, and the appearance of new types of goods (as the digital informative goods: software, electronic publications) and of new actors (Internet Service providers, search engines, gates (portals)). As such, the notion of e-commerce is becoming increasingly confused and reduced to the process of sale of goods and the services on the Internet, now it becomes integrated into the more general context of the business. Too often assimilated to only on-line transaction (the act of sale in itself), e-commerce includes in fact all the traditional stages of the sale, upstream (research of the customer, dissemination of commercial information, management of the orders, the delivery) as downstream (development of customer loyalty, after-sales service, relaunching). It requires the implementation of specific tools and the adaptation of the already existing structures within the company

[...] CHAPTER I BIRTH OF THE E-COMMERCE As we saw it previously, the e-commerce recovers any operation of sale of goods and the services via an electronic channel. As the e-commerce has gone up with the accession of internet this file is going to present only this business via Web. It is for this that I am going to treat at first on the historic part of internet and to speak about precursors for e-commerce via the World Wide Web. The creation of internet A revolutionary idea In 1962, while the rapidly growth of the communism, US Air Forces request for a small group of researchers to create a military communication network capable of resisting a nuclear attack. [...]


[...] However, there are the other forms of e-commerce which are less common than these last ones: B to A (Business to Administration): It corresponds to the trades realized between a company and administrations. C to C (Consumer to Consumer): It concerns the exchanges realized between private individuals by the intermediary, for example, of site of bids, or small's advertisements. There is another distinction important to make: Companies said "bricks and clicks click and mortar refers to the marriage of traditional ways to conduct has business (often using express, face-to-face contacts with customers) and internet ways to interact with customers (often via websites, email, and other internet technologies). [...]


[...] From then on, the electronic mail won't stop growing, to become the main use of the network of networks at the beginning of the twenty-first century. It is also in 1972 (in October, 1972) that the ARPANET network was presented for the first time to the general public, during the conference ICCC (International Computer Communication Conference). In the same period, the ARPA became the DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency) and the term " interknitting? is used to indicate the ARPANET, becoming then an embryo of internet. [...]

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