- Labour welfare measures
- Need for welfare measures
- Employee demands
- Trade union demands
- Employer's preference
- As a social security
- To improve human relation
- Objectives of welfare and safety measures
- Merits of the welfare measures
- Agencies for labour welfare
- Role of the state government:
- Welfare activities by employees
- Welfare work by trade unions
- Labour welfare work by voluntary social service agencies
- Classification of welfare measures
- Statutory welfare measures
- Non-statutory welfare measures
“Welfare” is a broad concept referring to a state of living of an individual or group, in a desirable relationship with the total environment - ecological, economic and social. Labor welfare includes both the social and economic contents of welfare. Social welfare is primarily concerned with the solution of various problems of the weaker sections of society like the prevention of destitution, poverty, etc.
It aims at social development by such means as social legislation, social reform, social services, social work, social action, etc. The object of economic welfare is to promote economic development by increasing production and productivity and through equitable distribution. Labor welfare is a part of social welfare, conceptually and operationally. It covers a broad field and connotes a state of well-being, happiness, satisfaction, conservation and development of human resources.
Labor welfare may be viewed as a total concept, as a social concept and as a relative concept. The total concept is a desirable state of existence involving the physical, mental, moral and emotional well-being. These four elements together constitute the structure of welfare, on which its totality is based. The social concept of welfare implies the welfare of man, his family and his community. All these three aspects are inter-related and work together in a three dimensional approach. The relative concept of welfare is relative in time and place. It is a dynamic and flexible concept and hence its meaning and concept differ from time to time, region to region, industry to industry and general standard of the socio-economic development of the people.
Tags: Statutory welfare measures, Statutory and non statutory welfare measures, Employee welfare concept
[...] Welfare officer (section 49) In every factory wherein 500 or more workers are ordinarily employed, the occupier shall employ in the factory such number of welfare officer as may be prescribed. The state government may be prescribing the duties, qualifications and conditions of service of officers employed under the sun- section Safety officers (section- 40B) In every factory: Wherein one thousand or more workers are ordinarily employed, or Wherein, in the opinion of the state government, any manufacturing process or operation is carried on, which process or operation involves any risk of bodily injury, poisoning or disease, or any other hazard to the person employed in the factory. [...]
[...] In this regard the state government may prescribe standards of adequate and suitable facilities for washing. Facilities for storing and drying clothing (Section 43) The state government may, in respect of any factory or class or description of factories, make rules that require the provision of suitable place for keeping clothing not worn during working hours and for the drying of wet cloths. It is only the Factory Act which has incorporated such a provision. Under sec.43 of the Act, the state government may make rules for the provision of suitable places for keeping clothing not worn during working hours and for the drying of wet clothing. [...]
[...] The report of the committee on labor welfare (1969) includes under it “such services, facilities and amenities as adequate canteens, rest and recreation facilities, sanitary and medical facilities, arrangement for travel to and from work and for the accommodation of workers employed at a distance from their homes, and such other services, amenities and facilities including social security measures as contributing to improve the conditions which workers are employed”. NEED FOR WELFARE MEASURES: Most of the organizations have been extending the fringe benefits to their employees. [...]