- The attractiveness of the WTO remains strong
- The dispute settlement body works
- The malfunctioning of the WTO announced the end model?
- The Doha round of negotiations
- Institutional weaknesses
- The WTO does not have the means to ensure effective regulation of trade
Alcatel is the world leader in design, integration and commercialization of technology and telecommunication services. The company through its business fixed telecommunications (40%) designs, supplies and installs telephone systems, optical and develops applications in the field of internet access.
Alcatel is also involved in mobile telecommuniations (30%) with the establishment of networks, infrastructure, service solutions and network transmission (design, supply, installation). Finally, another 30% of turnover is achieved with solutions for private users such as fixed and mobile infrastructures, IP networks business, the satellite system and the railway signal management .
For the full year 2005, revenues totaled 13,135 million euros, up 8% with the Euro and Dollar constant. Net income (Group share) amounted to 930 million euros, or diluted earnings per share of 0.68 euro (0.80 per ADS), which includes gains on asset and operational financial amount of EUR 0.17 per share.
In such a large company as Alcatel, it was very difficult to develop a problem without internal elements on HR issues in society. Nevertheless it has been found and also observed that from 2001 to 2005 the number of employees has reduced by nearly half, from 112,000 to 58, 000 employees and this was due to the sale of its factories by Alcatel.
This was then confirmed by a statement from the company's President Serge Tchuruk, stating that the company had a desire to become a Fables company. This meant that the company represented a willingness to abandon its production and enabling it to focus on areas including value creating services and technologies.
Fabless literally means ?without factories' and is a term that was coined in the field of electronic components. It induces the appearance of new companies whose principal activity is the recovery of plants with the aim to maintain their workload in producing components for the manufacturing companies.
This concept was introduced at Alcatel in June 2001, which included the implementation of a plan to separate a large portion of its factories. In practice, this resulted in the relocation or transfer of a majority of its production facilities to companies specializing in outsourcing, even though some have still been preserved. There are currently 8 Alcatel plants world wide and one in France.
The technology market is constantly changing, the life of the components is becoming smaller and this inevitably has consequences in the structure of companies. Indeed there is a phenomenon of concentration of the hardware. Is still the part being manufactured and is the basis for most advanced components decreases in importance at the expense of the software.
So it turns out that the factories producing these materials have less and less work because the number of customers does not increase as fast as the merger takes place. Technological change also affects the number of workers and the time required to achieve these parts or components.
Tags: Alcatel overview of company, concept of Fables,