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Effectiveness of health services in the developing world

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  1. The main obstacle holding back developing countries is affordability of drugs
  2. The level of education very often determines the level of health in a country
  3. How to improve the providing of drugs

Delivering medicine to the world's poorest people is a challenge. Hot, poor places such as Tanzania have many microbes but microscopic health budgets. Because they cannot afford adequate health care, poor people are sick a lot of time (The economist, 17/8/2002). Another report by the UNAIDS published in 1988 says, "Access to even the most basic drugs is seriously lacking in the Third World". All these statements unanimously assert that, in effect, that there is a serious shortage of widespread medical supplies in the Third World. In addition, as it was mentioned in the Economist (2001, p.75), rich countries have no problems with sharing their diseases but they are quite reluctant to share their wealth. They have transmitted infections such as tuberculosis to developing countries very "easily" but it was not so straightforward for them to share the pharmaceutical solutions to those infections. In these Third World countries, such as South Africa, there is a complete lack of medical supplies being dispersed equally, but if this were any different, then maybe we would not have a Third World as a consequence.

[...] Choice and adaptation of technology in developing countries: an Overview of Major Policy Issues. Paris: OECD Publications. Sims, R. & Moss, V.A. (1995). Palliative care for people with AIDS. 2nd edition, London: Edward Arnold. Spilker, B. (1994). Multinational pharmaceutical companies: principles and practices second edition, New York: Raven Press. Whaley, R.F. & Talal J. Hashim, T.J. (1995). A textbook of world health: a practical guide to global health care. Carnforth: Parthenon. Articles A war over drugs and patents. (2001, March 10). [...]


[...] The situation there clearly shows the actual dispersal of drugs, as hundreds of thousands die every year from diseases including AIDS that could have been alleviated with medicines. South Africa does not escape from the main problem of drug dispersal in Third World countries: affordability. Indeed, as UNAIDS (1998) explained it, ?HIV/AIDS is quite recent in medical history? therefore ?most drugs created especially to treat HIV infection are proprietary and expensive?. Another fact illustrating the ?health is sick of the profit?, countries concentrate 90% of the people with AIDS, but they only get 14% of the expenditures for prevention, and for healthcare (Convergences Revolutionaries, 2002). [...]

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