A study on competency mapping in the individual and organizational context
- What is competency?
- Competency mapping
- Organizational level applications
- Individual level applications
- How to conduct the Process
- Organizational Level
- Individual Level
- Critical factors for success
Competency is the collection of success factors necessary for achieving important results in a specific job or work role in a particular organization. Until a decade ago, a combination of knowledge, skills were the determining factors for the success of an individual in an organization. However, with the advent of the behavioral approach to management, behavioral attributes such as personal characteristics, traits, motives, values and ways of thinking form an important yardstick in determining success at work. Work related competency depends on the superior performance in specific behavioral attributes such as leadership, communication, perseverance, motivation and the like.
[...] A major pitfall of competency mapping when it comes to practical application is that organizations seldom have room for an individual to work in a field that would best make use of his or her competencies. It would only be in rare cases when the individual would be able to make a change from one job to another within the organization, depending on his or her key competency. A related mistake many international organizations make is screen-out competencies that do not fit with the pre-conceived conceptions of the head office. [...]
[...] A person who undertakes a competency mapping exercise discovers his or her behavioral traits and strengths in about five to six areas, and this helps the person find work suited to one's strengths or focus on developing a required, but absent skill. The specific applications of competency mapping for individuals are: 1. It helps identify the behavioral standards of performance excellence required for individuals to be successful in their roles It helps individuals ascertain specific and objective assessment of their strengths 3. [...]
[...] HISTORY Competency mapping is a relatively new management concept, and an offshoot of the behavioral approach to management that came in vogue in the 1980's. Joseph Novak invented the first competency maps in the 1960s as a teaching tool. His maps targeted the measurement of competencies of an individual. In 1986, William Trochim developed a concept map for measuring the competencies of a group, and adopted it as a strategic planning tool for use in the design of organizational components. [...]