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An overview of Management approaches

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Moiz D.
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  1. Scientific school of thought
  2. Behaviourist school of thought
    1. Abraham Maslow
    2. Douglas McGregor
  3. Comparison between theories of Taylor and Elton Mayo
  4. Frederick W Taylor's Scientific Management Theory
  5. Elton Mayo's Theory
  6. Scientific Management Results
  7. Conclusion

There are many theories on management. Taylor's Classical Theory comprising Scientific Management, Fayol's Administrative Management and Weber's Bureaucratic Organization.
Frederick Winslow Taylor (1856 ? 1915, Philadelphia) is known as the Father of Scientific Management and is considered as one of the first most successful Management Consultants. He became famous for his ?Time and Motion Study' and the ?Piece Rate' system which he introduced.
Taylor imposed the principles of scientific management, and the fact-finding approach put forward and largely adopted was a replacement for what had been the old rule of thumb.
In 1895, a piece rate system on production management was also introduced, and later, in 1909, he published the book for which he is best known, Principles of Scientific Management.

Taylor has made major contributions to the management theory and practice. His scientific management theories still are the examples to some industries. He called for ?Mental Revolution? on the part of the management and labour. Rather than increasing profits both sides should try to increase production.

[...] 2.) Increase in quality and quantity of the products. 3.) Improves relationship between employees, employers or other management authorities by creating a friendly environment. 5.) Provides a formal environment and opportunity to improve social networking. 6.) Decrease in working hours which led to decrease in stress and improves effectiveness. 7.) Providing chance to earn more for every individual in form of incentive, recommendation and bonuses. 8.) Decrease in rate of reduction of resources or reduces the wastage of resources. Hawthorne Studies Results 1. [...]


[...] Taylor lays down four ?Important principles?:- The development of as a true science The scientific selection of workers The scientific education and development of a worker Friendly and co-operation between the management and workforce. Taylor has made major contributions to the management theory and practice. His scientific management theories still are the examples to some industries. He called for ?Mental Revolution? on the part of the management and labour. Rather than increasing profits both sides should try to increase production. [...]

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