Co-operatives in Italy
Italy and France are two of the largest producers of wine. This production has been rooted in the country for thousands of years. The Romans, and the Etruscans before them, were already cultivating the vines, and it was the Romans who spread this activity to much of the Western Europe. Wine is produced throughout the Italian territory from the north to the south through Sardinia and Sicily. The fragmentation of the country over many centuries has been responsible for the differentiation of the producing regions and the existence of many varieties.
The recent history of Italian wine is largely linked to the economic and political history of the country. After more than two centuries of political submission and "decadence" in wine, the late nineteenth century and the unification, marked the beginning of the revival of Italian wine. A trend even more pronounced since the end of World War II, with the economic and social adjustment of most developed countries. This societal change has impacted both the consumption and production of wine in Italy.
While for centuries wine was considered a food of everyday life by the great majority of Italians, it has gradually become a good source of pleasure. So the producers have adapted to produce a better quality wine. However, the production quantity of a wine medium continues to remain poor, especially in the south.
Globalization and the emergence of new wine producing countries are also important features of the contemporary Italian wine landscape. For centuries, Italians were producing wine mainly for them and exported the surplus, but the country became the world's largest exporter of wine and it is economically important to keep this windfall deal with New World wines. This is so for Italian producers to compete.
Given the number and diversity of wines, the state (and the EU) has imposed a classification of wines in order to help consumers navigate.
Act No. 116 of February 3, 1963 on the standards of denominations of origin of musts and wines is implementing a first legislative framework with the creation of DOC (Denominazione di origine controllata, the equivalent of our Designations of Origin) and DOCG (Denominazione di origine controllata e Garantita) from 1980.
Tags: wine producing nations ? Italy and France, history of production of wine, cooperatives in Italy