The underlying poverty in Calcutta
- The UN works for peace
- Pacific battle and destabilization of Europe
- USSR and the US
Lying on the banks of the river Hooghly, Calcutta, the capital of West Bengal, plays host to a burgeoning population, and is the second largest Indian city after Mumbai (Bombay). Calcutta is now supposed to be called Kolkata, although this change is far from being rooted in every mind, including that of India, and it is part of a growing high density, relatively dense urban network that consists of an inherited part of the great centers of colonization.
The former capital of the Indian Empire and the jewel of the British Crown, Calcutta had always been marked by extreme poverty. Located in the Indian province of Bengal, Calcutta measures 187km2, with 4.4 million inhabitants.
Its suburbs bring it close to 11 million people according to the 1991 census. It has the dubious distinction of being the largest Indian city in terms of housing density and population. Mother Teresa had, on receiving the Nobel Peace prize in 1979, attracted world attention to the situation of this city. Let us try to unravel the relationship between the city and poverty it is inextricably linked to.
The influx of refugees from Bangladesh (3.3 million between1946 and 1977) plus the rural exodus, which annually sees about fifty thousand destitute from the hinterland and rural neighboring states wend their way to Calcutta in search of livelihoods, are the root causes for the says the overcrowding plaguing the city. 82% of homeless are migrants, coming mostly hailing from Bengal, the province of Calcutta.
Tags: Poverty in Calcutta, Bangladeshi refugees in Calcutta, Infrastructure of Calcutta