Durable mobility in the car sector
During the 40s, A. Maslow, a famous American psychologist, established a hierarchy of needs in his famous pyramid. The concept of mobility was allocated to the first layer of the pyramid. Since then, the property required to satisfy this need, has developed well beyond what he could have imagined. This need has also evolved with technological advances of the market environment. Since the middle of last century, the several means of mobility at our disposal today have increased to include airplanes, boats, cars, bikes, etc.
This ease in mobility that we have today is widely misused. It is problematic to have to cross a country, continent or ocean and this poses other problems in the world. This "over-mobility" reflects on us in the damage through pollution. Pollution and growing concern over the scarcity of fossil fuels are two factors that drive us to worry about the future and encourage us to find solutions for sustainable mobility.
This notion of sustainability determines how to lull mankind's needs in a sustainable way in the long term, while preserving the environment. The emergence of the concept of sustainable mobility is a consequence of a collective and progressive awareness, which makes us wonder about the influence it can have on the French market. Market transport, movement of the individual, sustainable mobility is defined as the ability to meet the needs of society more freely, to find access, communicate, exchange and establish relationships without sacrificing other essential values in human or ecological, now or in the future.
With this in mind a sustainable transport system must:
-Comply with the limits for nuisance
-Respond effectively to the economic constraints,
-Meet the current criteria of social equity.
More concretely, sustainable mobility in the market of automotive transport is to adapt to the world of car manufacturing, the principles of sustainable development, thus to provide a car greener and safer.
But what is sustainable development? According to Mrs. Brundtland, Chairman of the Committee on Environment and Development in 1987, sustainable development is a development that meets the needs of present generations without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
Finally, at the international level, the U.S. adopted bio fuels 3 years ago because they believe this issue affects everyone. Japan is also interested, because of the size of their fleet, their high density and high levels of pollution. Respectively, "Liquefied Petroleum Gas" and "Natural Gas Vehicles" are used today. Since their release in the market, the policies of states have no incentive to use such fuel.
In addition, the various incidents caused by the storage tanks of gas, motorists are not convinced. The gas also presents a major constraint: the reservoir, often complementary to the conventional liquid fuel tank is very large. Added as an option in some models, it takes half the trunk. These factors have resulted in the placing on the market very few gas vehicles, and therefore, the oil companies saw no profit in this fuel. The gas is now widely used in transport.
Tags: technological advances, over-mobility, pollution, sustainability, French market, economic constraints, liquefied petroleum gas, natural gas vehicles