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China and India: Comparison of the economic and social structures

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  1. The operations of annihilation: Actions tailored to the strategic problems of the revolutionary war
    1. Problems and specific features of the Red Army
    2. The dualism of operations of annihilation:The weakening of the enemy combined to strengthen the Red Army
  2. The refusal of passivity: necessary condition for the implementation of the actions of annihilation
    1. The role of the population for the military offensive
    2. The number and mobility for the success of the offensive

Everyone agrees that China and India are the two giants of the future economy of the twenty-first century. Both countries are currently experiencing exceptional economic growth so that they will soon hound the United States in the ranking of world economic powers. But this growth is not what makes these countries exceptional. It is accompanied by an explosion of foreign trade, a tremendous population boom, with an exceptional capacity of producing and an influx of foreign capital.

However, in their tremendous growth, both countries also have very large economic, political and social structural differences. These differences spill over their way of life and anticipate growth. It therefore seems useful to carry out a comparative analysis of these two models of development, for many perceive the characteristics of these two giant neighbors.

China and India are two countries that are currently experiencing very high growth rates even exceptional. However, if India has potential similar to China, many differences to highlight.
China has made its take-off in 1978 during the implementation of the policy of "four modernizations" (industry, agriculture, military and scientific research) of Deng Xiaoping.

This has laid the groundwork for the opening Chinese would quickly result in extraordinary economic performance. This was then finished the communist economy. So now China is the sixth largest economy in GDP terms. It is based on an extraordinary productive capacity in many industries such as textiles, consumer goods, heavy industry.

This growth (over 10% growth per year the first twenty years) is largely due to foreign capital invested in China by major groups in the Triad. Indeed, China's first export product, however there is currently an emerging local production aimed primarily an internal market in full expansion.
We can say that India follows the rise of China with ten years of delay.

Indeed, in India, is breaking in 1991. However, in the mid-1980s, it was observed that the growth of Indian self-centered model significantly increases (6%). In India, changes are so gradual as they are more brutal in China. Indeed, in China, the expansion is made leaps forward and sometimes backward while India has a more structured, more cautious and more conservative less risky.

This caution is reflected in a slower opening to foreign capital, with exports still modest until 1997. This explains why China has a growth rate of over 8% since 1995 against 6% for India. Moreover, India being a democratic country, there is a greater consensus on market reforms in China where the state imposes its reforms and this is also an explanation for the greater Indian slow. Another major difference between India and China lies in the structure of GDP by sector.

We have seen that China's industries are the real engine of growth although there is currently a boom in services. This is very different in India where growth is primarily driven by services, especially in IT. India, unlike China, has skipped the stage of industrialization for immediate service sector economy.

Thus, over half of GDP is produced by the tertiary sector. This is mainly due to a lack of flexibility of the Indian industry which has struggled to adapt to the demands of globalization and to the specificities of Indian skilled workforce is the best level in China and has benefited university opened a fabric for a long time and quality.

However, it should be remembered that India has still performing industries in health, transportation, food processing, textiles and heavy industry and productive investments in India are extremely important, especially in the industry. Finally in contrast to China, India relied heavily on its domestic trade without neglecting, however, that exports increased by 25% per year since 1998.

Tags: China; India; economic structure; social structure; comparison

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