Conquests of Rome
- The beginning of Nationalists drift
- The progressive integration of Jews
- The legacy of traditional Judaism
- Persistent prejudices
- The rise of antisemitism in the 1880s
- The Jew, 'scapegoat of modernity '
- Strengthening the construction of identity in race
- Discomfort spread by the press and the literature
- The violent antisemitism led to a division of corporations
- Of termination to the exclusion
- The instrumentalization of anti-Semitism by political forces
- Zionism, a response to the barbaric antisemitism
The Roman Republic established itself as a power in the conflict of Punic Wars and Rome opposed the war for over a century at Carthage. When it came out victorious, Rome became the first power of the Mediterranean. Carthage was originally a Phoenician colony (the Phoenicians were a people of antiquity situated between Syria and Lebanon, and they are known for having invented the alphabet and transmitted them to the Greeks.) Over time, Carthage was located in present-day Tunisia, and has become a very commercial city which founded numerous outlets along the Mediterranean, including Spain, Corsica, Sardinia and Sicily. It is therefore a great maritime power, unlike Rome which was a great continental power.