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Alexander in Minor Asia

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  1. A family that is closely linked with the US authorities
    1. A strong commitment to the American political and economic life
    2. The incarnation of the "model family" in the American myth of the Kennedys
  2. A controversial ?clan?
    1. The hidden faces of the Kennedy clan
    2. The end of a myth?

When Alexander succeeded his father Philip II in 336, the Greek world and the oriental world saw a relative balance after decades of wars. This balance was due to the victory by the king of Macedonia on a Greek army in 338 at Chaeronea in Boeotia. The victory was followed by the formation of an alliance between Philip and the main Greek states. The other part of the recovery of the unity of the Persian Empire was done by Artaxerxes III Ocho, who had reconquered Egypt which had been quasi-independent since the early fourth century.

However, it was a precarious balance, to the extent that the alliance built around Philip's aim was to wage war in Asia against the Great King. The murder of Philip, in 336, opened a period of crisis in Macedonia. The son of the King and Queen Olympias, young Alexander was just 20 years old. Philip had, according to the tradition, brought his son up with the idea that he would be called upon to succeed him. To this end the philosopher Aristotle had been entrusted the education of adolescents. Alexander also fought alongside his father at Chaeronea.

But Philip had shortly before his death, repudiated his wife, the mother of Alexander, to marry the young Cleopatra, and Olympias was suspected to have had a hand in the assassination of Philip. Alexander was forced to act quickly to assert himself. Helped by Antipater, an adviser to Philip, he managed to get rid of his opponents.

The announcement of Philip's death caused in the Greek world a certain restlessness. In the northern borders of Macedonia, the people were ready for an uprising. In early spring 334, Alexander left Macedonia with all his troops to win the Straits and Asia Minor. This territory is the western part of the Anatolian peninsula. It is bound in the north by the Black Sea and the Marmara Sea, west by the Aegean and south by the Mediterranean. In spring 334, the Macedonian army landed on the coast of Asia Minor near Abydos. Alexander planted a spear in the ground as a sign of taking possession of the territories of the Great King.

In terms of this campaign, we have two traditions that sometimes overlap. The first tradition is reflected in the narrative of Diodorus of Sicily and that of the Roman historian Quintus Curtius. It derives from the work of Clitarchus of Alexandria, who, without having participated in the campaign, would have used the memoirs of a companion of Alexander, of Aristoboulus Cassandreia, and the story of a Macedonian general Ptolemy. Another tradition, represented mainly by Arrian, would have had more direct contact with contemporary sources, and would therefore be more reliable, especially with regard to descriptions of various battles fought by the conqueror and his generals.

Under these conditions, we are led to ask how Alexander III fits in the establishment of a Macedonian empire wanted by his father Philip II, starting with the conquest of Asia Minor in order to release Greeks from Asia to the Persian domination.

Tags: Asia Minor, Quintus Curtius, Alexander of Macedonia

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