Empirical Rome: The Ultimate Warrior State
- Rome's precarious situation
- Rome or Sparta as the ultimate warrior state
- Maintaining order in Roman cities
- Importance of Roman allies in victories
- Works cited
Throughout history, ancient Rome has been one of the great leaders in the field of Empire building. The stench of blood and fear filled the Mediterranean region as Rome conquered city after city and nation after nation. Many cities fell to the Romans in battle, while many more submitted to Rome out of fear, and respect. These factors, among many others, helped make Rome the ultimate warrior state.
Ironically, Rome began as a small city-state with little to distinguish itself. The land was difficult to cultivate, and they were surrounded on all sides by enemies. Romans didn't have a natural harbor that they could use for mercantile trading, nor any other way in which they could make a living for themselves. Surprisingly, Rome's poverty was one of the more influential reasons for their survival as a people. Luckily for Rome, they had nothing to offer invaders. Unbelievably, this small city-state eventually grew to rule an area two-thirds the size of the continental United States (p57).
[...] Many believe that Sparta was in fact the ultimate warrior state, since Spartans were trained at a very young age in the art of war, but Spartans were too busy trying to maintain control of their own lands to wage war against other cities or nations. Sparta had few actual citizens, and feared losing their soldiers in battle outside their country. This is what distinguishes Rome as the ultimate warrior state. Rome had no fear of losing soldiers. Since Rome used a citizen based military the Romans could amass large armies on the field of battle, and could stand to have high casualty rates without changing their strategic goals. [...]
[...] The Latins were given the honor of having the closest relationship with the Romans. The Latin citizens were given honorary Roman citizenship, although they were not allowed to hold office, or vote in the Roman republic. They were also permitted to intermarry with the Roman populace and their contracts with Roman merchants were honored in the Roman courts. The Latins were the only other civilization to attain these privileges outside of Rome. Many of the cultures on the Italian peninsula formed treaties with Rome after losing in decisive battles with Rome's legions. [...]