Assess the impact of the Hundred Years War upon Anglo-French trade
- The death of Charles IV - The king of France.
- The increase in iron and steel trades in the war.
- The Scottish interruption.
- Loss of Normandy.
- The effects of the hundred years war.
- The effects on trade and commerce.
The Hundred Years War is an important period of the English history and of the French history. The Hundred Years' War was a conflict between France and England, lasting 116 years from 1337 to 1453. It was fought primarily over claims by the English kings to the French throne, and was punctuated by several brief and two lengthy periods of peace before it finally ended in the expulsion of the English from France, with the exception of Calais. In fact, the war was a series of conflicts and can be divided in three or four phases: the Edwardian War (1337-1360), the Caroline War (1369-1389), the Lancastrian War (1415-1429), and the reversal of situation with the episode of Joan of Arc. The term "Hundred Years War" was a later historical term invented by historians to describe the series of events. One of the main causes of the Hundred Years War was the relationship between the Kings of France and England on the duchy of Aquitaine in South-western France.
[...] In order to study the effects of the Hundred Year's War on the trade between the English and the French, we have to also look to the trade of wool and cloths. The trade of wool and cloths from England became much more than simple exchanges between the French and English. It was seen that the English merchants were trading also with the Flemmish and the rest of the Netherlands. The principle Flemmish cities that were trading with the English were Antwerp and Bruges. [...]
[...] We now see the effects of the Hundred Year's War on the trade of money, as well as its effects on the accounts of each kingdom. This is going on the principle, perhaps one that is too contemporary, that we are seeing the sketches of the new public finances to come, which are linked to trade. This becomes truer when the case is applied to the English, which found itself, throughout the conflict, going through massive fluctuations of its possession of land on the continent, and therefore lead to important fluctuations of its revenue. [...]