American Blacks of 1850 to 1914
- A family that is closely linked with the US authorities
- A strong commitment to the American political and economic life
- The incarnation of the "model family" in the American myth of the Kennedys
- A controversial ?clan?
- The hidden faces of the Kennedy clan
- The end of a myth?
On his return from the United States, Tocqueville wrote, "The most formidable of all the evils that threaten the future of the United States comes from the presence of blacks on their soil. The two breeds are related to one another, without it confused and it is also difficult to completely separate than to unite. "This analysis of the French writer already implies the Negro problem that was going to haunt the United States from 1850. Who are these blacks? They are men and women that the Americans went in search of African lands from the sixteenth century. Arrived in the Americas, these men were enslaved; the majority of them were living in the cotton and tobacco farms in the South under the domination of their white masters. There were also African Americans in the North. Indeed, since the War of Independence, the American blacks have had the status of freeman (without having equality with whites), while their comrades in the South were crumbling under slavery. But between 1850 (when the abolition of slavery was started) and 1914 (when on the eve of the First World War, the movement of black elites for the total emancipation of blacks was booming) the status of black Americans has undergone several changes. Indeed, between liberation and release, the role and status of blacks are hard to define, despite constitutional laws affecting them. While the law has freed them since 1865, the African Americans actually found themselves ostracized from society. What statutes are held by African Americans between 1850 and 1914? In other words, between freedom and exclusions, how are black Americans positioned in American society between 1850 and 1914?