Birth of the nations in Latin America
- The beginning of Nationalists drift
- The progressive integration of Jews
- The legacy of traditional Judaism
- Persistent prejudices
- The rise of antisemitism in the 1880s
- The Jew, 'scapegoat of modernity '
- Strengthening the construction of identity in race
- Discomfort spread by the press and the literature
- The violent antisemitism led to a division of corporations
- Of termination to the exclusion
- The instrumentalization of anti-Semitism by political forces
- Zionism, a response to the barbaric antisemitism
The birth of South American Nations has an exotic connotation for Europe and did not connect this time in history with a single name of Simon Bolivar. It was a quick shortcut, since the road to independence of South American nations was made more complex, with more than one actor. Already, he agreed to represent a sociological vision of South America in the early nineteenth century, and the desire for independence and hostility to the Spanish crown that colonized the continent. Latin America is a continent inhabited by Indians, mestizos, whites (Spanish and Creole), blacks and mulattos, and is an ethnically quite heterogeneous nation and, was given the many discriminations of time, of a socially heterogeneous nation. The Whites, although a minority, were in economic power, and monopolized the whole South American wealth (minerals, and money). Mestizos could also have some power locally, and some Indian aristocracy was recognized, but in general they were not shadows to whites. As for blacks, they were in a condition of virtual slavery. However, how was the birth of organized nations in Latin America? What were the triggers for this movement in a continent as diverse and does not suggest such unification? How did the conquest to independence take place?