Describe and analyse the different minority groups in PRC and how they interact with the main 'Han" government
- Different histories and geographies of the minorities
- Comparation of economic and social situations of the minorities, with the main Han population
- Different status the Chinese government gives to some of them
- The main problems connected to these culturally and socially different groups in China
In 1927 Sun Yatsen said that "The greatest force is common blood. The Chinese belong to the yellow race because they come from the blood stock of the yellow race. The blood of ancestors is transmitted by heredity down through the race, making blood kinship a powerful force". Today the question of national identity in China is an important problem, especially since the world is getting increasingly global. Although 92% of the Chinese population is 'Han', there are 8% that belong to one of the 55 officially recognized ethnic minorities. The government follows Staline's description of 1913 that defines an ethnic group as follows: it is "a historically constituted, stable community of people, formed on the basis of a common language, territory, economic life, and psychological make-up, manifested in a common culture". The ethnic group to which one belongs is written on his identity card in addition to his Chinese nationality ('minzu'). Some of them have historically always belonged to China while others have been integrated more recently.