Describe and analyse the different periods of communism in the People's Republic of China (PRC) since 1949
- Communism in cities and on land, two opposite concepts
- Communism in rural areas, the problematical reforms
- Communism and the concept of urbanisation: a major switch of mentalities
- Different communism for different regions
- Hong Kong
We will build a new world, a red world said Chieh Fang Chün Pao in 1967. The construction of this promised world was started on October 1st 1949 when Mao proclaimed the PRC and China began the process of developing into a communist State. However China has been a divided nation, both politically and historically. Thus, while some regions were integrated at a later date than the others to the PRC, others were granted special status (provinces, autonomous regions, municipalities and special administrative regions). The communist era can be divided in two: the Maoist era, when China was closed to other countries and tried to practice 'pure' communism; and the post-Maoist era, when the PRC opened up and created its own communism (communism that allowed capitalism). There is another noticeable difference in Chinese communism; a more spatial difference. China's Communist Party (CCP) forced communism on its citizens differently depending on the regions they belonged to, their History and more importantly their relations with Beijing. In order to describe and analyze the different periods of communism in the PRC since 1949, we first need to focus on the evolution of policies and interpretation of two opposite models- the rural and the urban. We will then focus on three different regions of China and study how communism influences them. These are: Tibet, for its historical background, Xinjiang for the minority problems in China, and Hong Kong as a capitalist penetration in a communist state.