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Desegregation and civil rights movements in the USA

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  1. The premises of desegregation
    1. A brief recall of racial segregation in the United States
    2. Some new living conditions after the World War II
    3. The jugdment Brown V Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas
  2. The first peaceful measures against desegregation
    1. Montgomery's buses
    2. The riots of Little Rock and the beginnig of protests
    3. The freedom rides and their legal fallouts
  3. The radicalisation of Civil Right Movements
    1. `Birth' of violent movements
    2. Persuit of the federal efforts
    3. The 'end' of segregation

Although the Civil War had abolished slavery, the black people still suffered from racial discrimination, particularly in the Southern states. Not only did they often feel discriminated against, but were continually looked down upon by their white counterparts in many genres like education, at work places or even on public modes of transport! They were also prohibited to freely exercise their right to vote that was granted to all the citizens in the 15th Amendment of the Constitution. However owing to the constantly evolving minds, they rapidly claimed for desegregation after the World War II. Though initially based on non-violence, civil right movements rapidly turned into uncontrollable riots and murders. Before discussing the consequences of the civil right movements it is quintessential to describe the birth of these civil right movements. We also need to broach upon the peaceful measures that were undertaken to combat the effects of racial discrimination. And finally, we need to talk about the radicalization of the movements, which fortunately, did not hinder desegregation.

[...] That law ificantly boosted school desegregation in Southern states: from 1964 to 1968, the percentage of black children going to mixed schools amounted to 32% in 1964). III. The radicalisation of Civil Right Movements 1. of violent movements Liberated in 1952 (he was jailed because of thefts), Malcolm X joined a violent organization: the Black Muslims: for them, every white person was associated with evil. But after a pilgrimage, he left the Black Muslims and declared himself in favor of racial solidarity. [...]


[...] Indeed, the public opinion was aware of what happened in the South, governments really tried to make it disappear, with a vigorous legislation. Besides, efforts were made by the different Courts of Justice to respect the principles of the Constitution. School segregation disappeared, with the Affirmative Action for instance. Finally, little by little, Black people have conquered their freedom: they show to the whole world that they could protest in order to have civil rights. Today, although school discrimination does not exist anymore, Black people still have to fight against racial discrimination: for instance, in 1991, in [...]

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