Birth of the English Parliament
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The Late Middle Ages (12th and 15th centuries) was a period of change and transformation for the Christian West to a modern State that was characterized by th development of a centralized system of power. This period is crucial to the history of England. In 12th century, it represented part of the "Plantagenet empire" . In the 15th century after losing against France, it became "an island" and gradually developed the foundations of its power. During this period, a key institution developed - the Parliament. The origins of this institution can be dated back to the 12th Century when the king's council met with the barons to discuss the affairs of the kingdom.
The English Parliament was not granted by the monarchy. The arrival of Plantagenet on the throne in 1154 with the accession of Henry II marks the beginning of an attempt to develop a strong royal power, an element of justice shifting and higher taxation. Secular or ecclesiastical barons opposed this assertion of royal power and the reigns of Henry II (1154-1189) and his son, Richard the Lionheart (1189-1199) and John Lackland (1199-1216 ) were punctuated by revolts.
Tags - the late middle ages,Richard the Lionheart, English Parliament