- Its development over the years
- It economic policy
Deng Xiaoping was an incredible politician. He renovated China and managed to overcome three political upheavals. "No politician, neither in the east nor west, has traveled a tortuous as well as rocky path, nor accumulated as many successes", said Uli Franz. How did he revolutionize China, and why did he withhold his name in the world? After describing his incredible rise to power, after extensive training and a rapid rise in the party leading to the highest echelons of Chinese politics, we shall see his failures and achievements in the period when he was in power, and the legacy he left at his death.
The childhood and adolescence of Deng Xiaoping have greatly influenced his personality, and his way of seeing the world. Deng Xixian was born on July 12, 1904, according to the lunar calendar. Only twenty years later, did he take on the pseudonym of revolutionary Deng Xiaoping. His father was a landowner named Deng Wemming, his mother came from a wealthy family.
Deng Xixian learned the basics of Chinese writing and attended the school of Confucius. But the Confucian tradition played only a secondary role in his training since he continued his complementary studies at Guang'an, European style, which worked closely with the Catholic mission. It was thus the Christian ideas of the French missionaries and the revolutionary ideas of the founder of the Republic, Sun Yatsen, which marked the spirit of the child.
Deng Xiaoping was a child of the new century, born on the eve of the revolution that exploded the ephemeral barriers of feudal China. But after this brief revolution, the situation deteriorated in the province, local military leaders continued to wage war with each other as in the days of the Qing monarchy, and forced millions of starving peasants to work. Young people attracted to modern ideas, realized that they had no future in this region. So they turned to the revolutionaries.
The imperialist movement of May 4, 1919 was the start of a new trend among educated young people: go abroad to participate in the "work and study" movement (Qingong jianxue). At the age of 16, Deng Xixian, sailed for France, with about eighty other young Chinese people. But the young man so full of hope, found himself confronted with the harsh economic reality of France. The Qingong jianxue movement quickly lost its meaning since the war of 14-18 had changed the face of France and the economic situation of the 1920-1921 winter was bleak. This notorious poverty led the formation of a two-class system among the students.
Even the family of Deng Xixian found it difficult to support itself. This material poverty was undoubtedly an influence on the radical politicization and orientation of the group of activists' work and study, "who could only count on themselves to live, and often had to work, rather than studying. Deng Xixian, at the age of 16, adopted revolutionary ideas especially since the Chinese Communists exploited the situation to launch an unworthy virulent slogan: "Fight for your life and the right to study."
Tags: Qingong jianxue movement, Deng Xiaoping, Sun Yatsen