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Decolonization in Black Africa and in the Maghreb

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  1. The tyranny form of government
    1. The concept of power
    2. The tyrant, the sole holder of power
  2. Tyranny, a controversial and transient system
    1. A controversial system
    2. A transient regime

The Decolonization of Black Africa was fairly easy. The attainment of independence of black Africa takes place smoothly. The first country to gain independence was the Gold Coast which became Ghana in 1957. The transition was peaceful and provided a model for other British colonies. These territories were linked to the metropolis in the Commonwealth. France adopted a similar process. In 1956, the Defferre law framework granted autonomy to French territories in Africa. De Gaulle moved their membership to the Franco-African community in 1958 and independence in 1960. However, decolonization started badly. In 1947, the uprising was brutally repressed in Madagascar (between 50 000 and 100 000 deaths). A country that caused many problems was the Belgian Congo. The Belgians had not formed an elite (14 graduates in 1960) and gave independence in 1960 without preparing for it, and promoting the secession of Katanga, the mineral part of the country, this triggering a civil war. A general pro-Western, Mobutu seized power in 1965, and brought order.

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