Case study: Officer Robert Barton paper
- Criminal social theories
- Gang development theories
- Lifestyle and stress
When a person decides to enters the criminal justice field, they take an oath of conduct. They also vow to honor the relationship between their fellow brother and sister officers. In the case study of Officer Barton, a group of officers who came from different backgrounds, had different attitudes, and different values; however they all shared something in common and that was their profession. Their profession is what caused them to subconsciously want to belong to a social subgroup. This wanting to belong to a group dynamic is similar to the theories developed to explain the development of gangs.
The first theory is the learning theory. This theory states that crime is learned behavior. The learning theory continues to state the criminal is exposed to the illegal activity by someone they know, such as a friend or a family member. The learning theory is considered to be a student and teacher relationship. The ?teacher? introduces and exposes the ?student? to criminal behavior. The media can also play a key role in the introduction of belonging to a
The labeling theory states that if a gang member is labeled a ?criminal? by authority figures, chances are they will continue their current lifestyle.
The learning theory plays a sufficient role in the relationship between drug and excessive alcohol use as it relates to crime. Both drug use and alcohol consumption are also learned behaviors. An older sibling, friend, or even parent can become the instructor of exposure to drug use and alcohol abuse to an individual.
[...] W., Vito, G. F., & Walsh, W. F. (2012). Organizational behavior and management in law enforcement (3rd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. University at Buffalo (2008, September 29). Impact Of Stress On Police Officers' Physical And Mental Health. ScienceDaily. [...]
[...] The officer can develop a pessimistic attitude towards their work and begin feeling a lack of worth. Again, this stress is something another officer can understand and relate to. Conclusion In loose comparison, the social group dynamic of police officers is similar to that of a criminal gang organization. Officers inadvertently develop a subculture all their own. Career stress of an officer is something only another officer can truly understand. It is not unheard of that a group of officers feel a close bond and develop a companionship or a social circle with other officers. [...]