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Corrections and treatment

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Ashley h.
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  1. Community-based treatment
  2. Institutionalization
  3. Counseling
  4. Aftercare programs

Community-based treatment programs are made available to juveniles who require additional efforts. ?Community treatment refers to efforts to provide care, protection, and treatment for juveniles in need.? (Siegel and Welsh, 2005) Three community-based programs that have been created for juveniles are probation, counseling, and restitution. Probation is a supervision program. With probation a juvenile is placed under the supervision of a P.O. or Probation Officer. ?Probation conditions are rules mandating that a juvenile on probation behave in a particular way.? (Siegel and Welsh, 2005) The P.O. monitors the child's success or failure rate in schooling, drug and alcohol intake, makes sure the child stays out of trouble and far away from those who have questionable character. The Probation Officer makes sure that the juvenile completes the court ordered conditions as per the judge who has presided over the criminal case. The Probation Officer also acts as a counselor; however their efforts may not be enough. The next community-based program is actual counseling services. Counseling may consist of the juvenile and the therapist alone or also between a counselor and small groups of juvenile offenders. Counseling services help the juveniles find an outlet that is both safe and legal. Counseling maybe court mandated as a condition of the juvenile's release. The third community-based effort is restitution. Just like probation and counseling services, restitution maybe court mandated by the judge. ?Restitution can take several forms. A juvenile can reimburse the victim of the crime or donate money to a charity or public cause; this is referred to as monetary restitution.? (Siegel and Welsh, 2005) Another form of restitution is considered victim service restitution. With this form of restitution, the juvenile offender provides services directly to their victim. The third form of restitution is called community service restitution. With community service restitution the juvenile offender provides a service to the community. This may include visiting a nursing home or hospital, cleaning a local park, or aiding at an after school program. Community service gives the juvenile offender the opportunity to right the wrongs that they have created by providing a meaningful service to the community.

[...] or Probation Officer. ?Probation conditions are rules mandating that a juvenile on probation behave in a particular way.? (Siegel and Welsh, 2005) The P.O. monitors the child's success or failure rate in schooling, drug and alcohol intake, makes sure the child stays out of trouble and far away from those who have questionable character. The Probation Officer makes sure that the juvenile completes the court ordered conditions as per the judge who has presided over the criminal case. The Probation Officer also acts as a counselor; however their efforts may not be enough. [...]


[...] The child may experience depression and anxiety. The juvenile detente has a higher likelihood of committing suicide as ?[n]early 1,000 incarcerated youth per month commit suicidal acts.? (Physicians for Human Rights 2007) While in a group home setting the child may experience various types of abuse. The child may be forced to endure physical abuse, emotional abuse, or even sexual abuse at the hands of their caretakers or the other offenders placed in the institution. The child may not be provided with adequate education or medical attention. [...]

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