An overview on the Russian institutional system
The Russian Constitution has been in force since 1993. It was written and adopted at a turning point for Russia, after more than 80 traumatic years. The breakup of the USSR destabilized the regional balance, and hence the need to establish strong state institutions was clearly defined. The major challenge faced by Russia was the management of its vast territory, which was occupied by large and diverse populations. In 1993, the Constitution imposed an order to respect the profound differences which divided the population, according to its geographical location. On the other hand, it is a major issue as per our analysis, as the picture we have now with regard to Russian politics is quite negative.
We tend to believe that power is concentrated in the hands of one man, namely Vladimir Putin, the prime minister and former president of the federation, who was in power for over ten years. In this regard, the political scientist P. Hassner used neologism to highlight the originality of the Russian institutional system by calling it democratized. Is this authoritarian-style presidency a nature of a particular character, or is it really the result of a strict application of the Constitution of 1993?
Russia as everyone knows, is the largest country in the world. Its territory stretches over 9000 km from west to east, and with 17 million square kilometers, it is twice as large as that of the United States. At present, Russia has more than 140 million people. This number correlates with the amount of land explains why very different peoples live in Russia.
Tags: Russian Constitution, Russian politics, Vladimir Putin