Bases of the Soviet rights
"The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics is a socialist state for the whole people, expressing the will and interests of workers, peasants and intelligentsia, workers of all nations and nationalities of the country". This was specified in Article 1 of the Constitution of 1977. It defines the role of USSR as a socialist state, as did the previous constitutions. The Soviet state was born out of the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917 and ended with the disintegration of the USSR in 1991. This revolution led to an overhaul of the system including the legal system to enforce the new expectations and new goals of the Soviet regime in place.
The Soviet concept of law and the Constitution is particularly interesting in that it differs from the Western conception. Their role and positions are not the same. Thus, the conventional Western definition of law states that its rules are an expression of general will and applies to all without exception. On the other hand, the Soviet concept of law expresses the will of the ruling class and is provided by the "coercive force of the state."
In 1917, at the time of the October Revolution, the country entered a period of "war communism." Once the regime, the Soviets sought to legitimize their position on a solid foundation, including legal obligations. But no coherent theory of socialist law was drafted and it was ready to replace the bourgeois law of the previous day. The Soviets were so inspired by an ideology that corresponds to their pre-existing idea: it was the Marxist theory. Marxist theory talks about the law of exploitation of a dominant dominated class in a class.
Tags: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, Bolshevik Revolution of 1917, October Revolution, Marxist theory, dominated class, Western conception