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Diplomatic protection and the consular community

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  1. The invention of television or a succession of discoveries
    1. The discoveries that introduced the invention of television
    2. The birth of the term "television"
    3. From the mechanical television (1925-1931) to the electric television (1932-1945)
  2. Television in the footsteps of players like the radio
    1. The FCC and Congress: state control
    2. The networks: diffusion
    3. U.S. companies: financing
  3. Television and the American public
    1. Television proved to the Americans
    2. The placing of television sets on the market
    3. Programs
  4. Conclusion

Article 20 of the Maastricht Treaty provided that "any citizen of the Union shall enjoy, within the territory of a third country where the Member State is not represented as the national, the protection of the diplomatic and consular authorities of any Member State, under the same conditions as nationals of that Member State."

After realizing that the 27 Member States were being represented in only three of the 166 countries (USA, China and Russia) and that people are starting to travel more and more, it was imperative to harmonize and coordinate the protection of the diplomatic and consular community. Its aim was to answer the following question: what happens to a citizen of the Union in a non-EU country where the Member State does not belong to the consular post or diplomatic mission? How does one provide valuable assistance when their country is not represented?

Three conditions must be met in order to benefit from the provisions of Article 20 (EC Treaty). (This treaty allows the diplomatic coordination of Member States of the EU.) Due to the absence of a permanent representation of the Member State whose citizen is the national and the lack of accessible Honorary Consul, the citizen can prove their nationality through an official document. This protection is intended to cover 5 risks that are considered to be 'top priority'.

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