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Correctional systems, in criminal justification

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Daniel V.
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  1. Introduction
  2. Overcrowding and overpopulation
  3. Overpopulation in prison
  4. Conclusion

Correctional systems, in criminal justification, are the various actions taken by the government agencies to protect innocent citizens from the lawbreakers (Siegel, 2013). The agencies are required to punish the offenders through lock up in prison, hard labor and community services. However, to reduce the number of inmates, criminals with petty crimes are on probation. Punishment is the most apparent objective of the correctional system that is guilty. Punishment acts as a restraint to criminals who would think of repeating crime and example to the lawbreakers (Siegel, 2013). According to research, the correctional systems are running out of information on how to manage the issues affecting the correctional systems.

The United States of America correctional systems are believed most advanced prison system globally. This is because of the increased crime rates in the country. However, like other countries globally the American correctional system faces many issues that tend to be hard for the legal system to handle. There is one major issue of overcrowding in the prisons that have been caused by high-crime rates, harsh laws made by the legal system for certain offenses, high rate of criminals returned to jail for committing felonies and long-term sentences for certain offenses (Scott, 2010).

[...] Introduction Correctional systems, in criminal justification, are the various actions taken by the government agencies to protect innocent citizens from the lawbreakers (Siegel, 2013). The agencies are required to punish the offenders through lock up in prison, hard labor and community services. However, to reduce the number of inmates, criminals with petty crimes are on probation. Punishment is the most apparent objective of the correctional system that is guilty. Punishment acts as a restraint to criminals who would think of repeating crime and example to the lawbreakers (Siegel, 2013). [...]


[...] The problem for the correctional system not being able to accommodate the criminals until they are has posed a major threat to society. Overpopulation in the correctional system has also led to various problems to the inmates. The inmate's health is at risk due to various airborne diseases caused by overcrowding. Diseases can also emerge from the dirty toilets shared by the large number of prisoners. Prisoner's health also has in turn affected the economy of the country trying to treat various diseases that arise among prisoners like HIV/ AIDs, typhoid and other diseases. [...]


[...] Overpopulation in the correctional systems has also increased the rate of criminal activities within the prison. A large number of inmates has also caused the rate of drug supply in the prisons. Most inmates tend to engage in criminal activities in prison because they do not fear any law enforcement. Overpopulation in prison is said to be the brutal punishment given to prisoners in the American correctional system. Cases of high-prison overcrowding have psychological consequences on prisoners. A study carried out by researchers on California prisons has shown that overcrowding has caused stressful moments to prisoners. [...]

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