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Aquinas Distinction; Divine and Human Laws

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Michael W.
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  1. Introduction
  2. Thomas Aquinas
  3. Dominic Order
  4. Aquinas distinction
  5. Divine and human laws
  6. Unjust laws
  7. Just human laws
  8. Conclusion

Thomas Aquinas was a Catholic priest of the Dominic Order who lived during the medieval era. He was one of the most influential early Church Fathers and Doctors of the Catholic Church, and became very important figure as one of the greatest theologians and philosophers to live in that period. His works and writings in the field of theology, ethics, and philosophy have become classics that are still relevant today world and being widely studied. Of the many books he wrote, the most influential is Summa Theologica which is divided into three parts:

God: In this section of the book, Saint Thomas Aquinas gave five proofs of the real existence of God. He further described what he believed is the thinking of God and how He ?God? does his work in the universe. ?God,? Thomas Aquinas wrote, ?loves everything that He created.? This statement is an echo of what is written in the book of Genesis where it was stated that after each creation, God saw that what He created was good.

Ethics: In this section, Thomas Aquinas used Aristotle's virtue on ethics to show the connection between virtuous man and God. He further explained how virtuous acts can result in the blessedness of a Beatific Vision (beata visio). ?Man,? Thomas Aquinas explained, ?tries to achieve the highest with his free will but whether this is good or bad depends on his final act.?

Christ: The third section Summa Theologica is about Christ. Here, Thomas Aquinas explained how Jesus Christ is the protector and representative of mankind both in Heaven and on Earth as well as Divine Second Person in the Trinity who offered His life for the salvation of mankind. Although Thomas Aquinas did not finish this part of his work before his death, he nonetheless managed to write on the Seven Sacraments as well as on eschatology which deals with death, Final Judgment and the final destination of man's immortal soul on the last day.

[...] Aquinas Distinction; Divine and Human Laws Thomas Aquinas was a Catholic priest of the Dominic Order who lived during the medieval era. He was one of the most influential early Church Fathers and Doctors of the Catholic Church, and became very important figure as one of the greatest theologians and philosophers to live in that period. His works and writings in the field of theology, ethics, and philosophy have become classics that are still relevant today world and being widely studied. [...]


[...] The first distinction between Devine Laws and Human Laws therefore lies on the personalities that crafted these two laws. Devine Laws are laws according to our religious belief and understanding are law that directly come to us from God. These laws are God's will for mankind. Because these laws are created by an Omnipotent and Omniscient God, they are just, perfect, timeless, and immutable. They are laws created without seeking the will of man but for his own good without discrimination. [...]

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