Can conflicts be avoided ?
- The comprehensions of the trend of the violence
- From individuals to society
- The pursuit of a new social contract
It is generally believed that working on the issue of conflict resolution consists of preaching about non-violence, notably by using arguments based on moral values. Nevertheless, these moral approaches cannot be considered as an universal meaning of conflicts resolution and peace building. In fact, there is no determinism in human nature which paves the way for using violence. We may considered the various backgrounds of the trend of violence. It is done in the name of law or in the defiance of the law, by one man or a gang, in cold blood or in passion, in an attack of violence or in response to violence. Today, a large part of the conflicts which take place throughout the world are ethnic or bound to cultural issues. I cannot help thinking that a confrontation between two groups may not be seen as a natural opposition about the notion of property but shall be considered through the mental representations, the culture of individuals.