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Descartes’ dream argument and its followed knowledge

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Herber Y.
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  1. Introduction
  2. The first part of the dream argument
  3. The deceiving perceptions
  4. The meditator's way of thinking
  5. The realization
  6. Conclusion
  7. Bibliography

Meditations on first philosophy, a text written by René Descartes, is one of Descartes most recognized works. The book is divided in to 6 meditations in which Descartes helps the meditator cast a series of progressively radical doubts on preconceived notions, and metaphysical beliefs. The objective of this is to eliminate knowledge that isn't certain, and see what remains to be known for sure. In his first meditation, Descartes brings up things that can actually be doubted. He notes that it would be impossible to question everything, as it would take years to try and get through proving all of it.

[...] Now that Descartes has established the indistinguishability of dreams and reality, he brings up the second part of the dream argument. He states that since senses have been leading us to form false beliefs, they can't be trusted and used as a basis for knowledge. Although perceptions are deceiving, there are times when senses perceive what is real. For example, let it be the assumption that one dreams of himself swimming in the ocean. He is not currently swimming therefore the action is not true, but his body, his eyes, and hands, and the ocean are all elements of the dream that are real and exist. [...]


[...] Descartes' dream argument and its followed knowledge Meditations on first philosophy, a text written by René Descartes, is one of Descartes most recognized works. The book is divided in to 6 meditations in which Descartes helps the meditator cast a series of progressively radical doubts on preconceived notions, and metaphysical beliefs. The objective of this is to eliminate knowledge that isn't certain, and see what remains to be known for sure. In his first meditation, Descartes brings up things that can actually be doubted. [...]

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