Does the law of the sea provide a suitable framework for the regulation of marine genetic resources?
- The UNU-IAS Report
- Issues and solutions
- An Update on Marine Genetic Resources
There are many challenges of marine engineering at the moment, and the industry is lacking the general ruling, law and indicators to work out a universal regulation, applied to all seas, oceans, including the territories of different countries. There have been many conferences held, and the United Nations is taking part in the discussion, to clear the fog, but so far the social and economic aspects have been so different from country to country, that it seems like a hard task.
Many leading scientist and researchers have discussed the topic of the ?Law of the Sea. Most of them are concentrating on the marine diversity and also the protection of species. And this will be our focus today as well. Unfortunately very little has been done to research the reaction of different species to engineering: both regarding to smaller microorganisms and genomics, bioinformatics and proteomics research.
[...] Does the law of the sea provide a suitable framework for the regulation of marine genetic resources? Abstract There are many challenges of marine engineering at the moment, and the industry is lacking the general ruling, law and indicators to work out a universal regulation, applied to all seas, oceans, including the territories of different countries. There have been many conferences held, and the United Nations is taking part in the discussion, to clear the fog, but so far the social and economic aspects have been so different from country to country, that it seems like a hard task. [...]
[...] We have mentioned before that this was one of the most urgent problems to be dealt with by scientists and also policymakers. They did define the commonly used expression as below: ?Bioprospecting is defined as the exploration of biodiversity for commercially valuable genetic and biochemical resources and should result in the protection of wild lands and wildlife, through funding of conservation activities. Furthermore, bioprospecting should bolster economic and conservation goalsunderpinning medical and agricultural advances needed to comba disease and sustain a growing human population.? 18 Conclusion The Ethical Approach of Bioprospecting When it comes to clarifying issues, regulations and concerns, we need to go back to the updated study of Diversa Corporation They deal witht the issues of unlawful taking and using of bio-genetic resources, and not only them: the legal but unethical ways as well. [...]
[...] Obviously, the way forward is the international regulation and law. But let's face it: there is little or no agreement in this topic among nations. Looking at genetic changes and diversity as a human rights approach will enable the science and industry to be able to see the problem clearer, and tackle more legal challenges than before. Francio is quoting article 15 of the International Covenant on Economic Social and Cultural Rights, and is examining if the freedom laid down in the law is absolute, and if it can be tackled from any point. [...]
[...] It is mainly fosusing on the research of newThiomicrospira species. Mid-Ocean Ridge Backarc Basin Cruise Database Hundreds of unusual species were discovered in the oceans. Fourteen nes families of hydrothermal vents were found in the recent years, and the research continues. They can adopt to extreme chemical and climate conditions, changes much easier than any other species. And that is why the database is extremely important resource for scientists looking for the new methods of short- and long- term adaptation. [...]
[...] The Law of the Sea does provide clear guidelines for every country to be able to complete the task. Another very important finding is that there is still uncertainty when it comes to law. There are national regulations, but the interests of the nations are so different and the diversity of marine biology is also huge, that we can't see a way forward, to be able to develop a universal approach and regulation. Scientists should be working together internationally, to be able to work on a clear and acceptable terminology Some attempts have been made by Diversa corporation, however these are still not signed off internationally determine the ethical use of marine resources The Law of the Sea does provide guidelines, however national rulings should be made in accordance to bio-privacy and unethical use. [...]