The death penalty: The importance of dying with honor
- Why honor is so important before dying from death penalty?
- A way to find moral redemption
- A way to find religious expiation.
- A way to recover humanity
- How do they manage to find honor?
- In accepting the law and their punishement
- The role of the choice of the way they will die
- The role of external people
- Honor as a way to bring pride
- A way to show pride against the errors of the law
- A way to bring pride to a family and to a community
- A way to keep a better memory of the condemned to death
In literature as in cinema, the subject of death penalty has been largely used. It can be seen in fantastic films such as The Green Mile by Frank Darabont, as well as in journalistic type of books, as in In Cold Blood by Truman Capote or in The Executioner's song by Norman Mailer, as well as many other types of genres. The fact is that this topic has inspired many artists in many different areas for its legal aspect as well as for its human and religious aspects. The public of this kind of subject is divided between two different ideas about the death penalty, which is the huge debate that takes place about its abolition or non-abolition. However, what is interesting to study in these works is not the pertinence of the arguments about the death penalty but the way in which the authors are using it. Indeed, what can be noticed is that very often, the people condemned to death tend to die with a certain kind of honor or at least show a will to do it in that way. Moreover, many philosophers like Kant or even Freud tried to explain the impact of honor on death penalty. For Kant, it is legitimised in the way that it gives back the honor of the criminal who will accept the punishment. Freud, on its side, explains that this should not exist because what commits a murder is only the impulsive, even animal side of the person. Then, honor could be found in overcoming this tendency, which he symbolizes by castration since this animal instinct is based on sexual impulses. In any case, innocent or not, the notion of honor when people are facing death is recurrent. have consequently chosen to analyse the importance of dying with honor in literature and films based on this subject. First of all, I will study the reason why the condemned people have this tendency do die with honor, even when innocent or when having the possibility to escape from the deathpenalty. Then, I will show how they manage to find honor and how the authors and film directors show it. Finally, I will talk about the role of pride in death penalty and to whom it is directed to.
[...] A way to keep a better memory of the condemned to death Dying with honor is clearly a way to bring pride to oneself, but also to other people who knows the condemned ones. But it also permits them to keep a better memory of that person. Indeed, in dying with honor, and in bringing pride to these people, the fact they may have committed a murder just vanishes, or at least it is attenuated. This is the case for example of Selma Jezkova who let her best friend and her son having an extremely good memory of her, but also of Gary Gilmore, who, even if he did horrors, remains in the eyes of his girlfriend as somebody honorable. [...]
[...] Consequently, she wants to die with honor and walk alone to the room of injections. This explains why she fought for dying when the phone rang. She really wanted to die. She was ready to do it with honor, as much as Selma Jezkova in Dancer in the dark. The fact that they accept the law is not only seen through the absence of appeals and through resignation, but also through the fact that the prisoners do not try to escape. [...]
[...] I have consequently chosen to analyse the importance of dying with honor in literature and films based on this subject. First of all, I will study the reason why the condemned people have this tendency do die with honor, even when innocent or when having the possibility to escape from the death Immanuel Kant, the right to punish and grant clemency?, The Metaphysics of Morals, Cambridge Sigmund Freud, taboo of virginity?, Contributions to the Psychology of Love penalty. Then, I will show how they manage to find honor and how the authors and film directors show it. [...]