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Colonialism in Things fall apart

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Abdelkrim A.
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  1. Introduction
  2. The moral guiding force in man's life
  3. Achebe's portrayal
  4. The moral attitude
  5. Problems with the missionaries
  6. The missionaries' point of view
  7. Igbo religion
  8. The conversion of Osu
  9. The strategy of refutation
  10. The six elders
  11. The source of missionary
  12. Talking to Umuofia people
  13. The white man's determination to vulgarize the Igbo people
  14. Okonkwo's desertation
  15. Killing the messenger
  16. Conclusion

Colonialism is the enforcement of political, cultural, economic, and military troops over the weak nations in order to exploit them; it is the method employed to spread capitalism and its values. When Britain embraced Capitalism, it started to colonize nations so as to secure its material interests. In Things Fall Apart, Chinua Achebe deals, in his books, with the clash of cultures and the violent transitions in life and values brought about by the incursion of British colonialism in Nigeria at the end of the 19th century. In fact, in the novel, this colonial power, adopts various strategies to help and, at the same time, controls Igbo people and their traditional life which makes things fall apart.

[...] According to the novel, ?twins [are] put in earthenware pots and thrown away in the forest?[4]. When missionaries arrive, they build their church in the evil forest and start to rescue the thrown twins and keep them inside. In addition, because of this moral attitude, the church wins more converts, including a pregnant woman, Nneka. Her four previous pregnancies have produced twins, and her husband and his family are not sorry to see her go.[5] This means that Achebe is not surprised that a woman may get involved in such a cultural change. [...]


[...] That is to say, white people, in Things Fall Apart, are colonizers who claim their right of the Igbo land for no valid reason. According to the District Commissioner, the British are in Igbo to teach peace and order[32]; but, in reality, they are there to impose religion and power to feed the British country. In the end, Okonkwo Commits suicide, this action seems nearly expected. Determined to resist the white man's colonialism, alone if needed, the disloyalty by his people is more than he can stand. [...]


[...] In this context, according to Professor JanMohamed, colonialism allows the native choose between two options: either to remains loyal to their original culture; in which case, they have to stay in a society whose development has been checked by colonization, or to assimilate themselves with the colonial regime and get captured in a dilemma of historical catalepsy.[25] In consequence, most of the Igbo people opt for the assimilation procedure refusing to stand next to their original culture. After all, Mr. [...]

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