Adaptation of State to European Integration
- Main conflicts in Africa resulted from the fragility of states following the decolonization process and re-appropriating modes of administrations of former colonial powers
- The new states were unable to regulate the tensions inherent due to the presence of many ethnic and religious disparities
- The fragility of the state was born as a result of structural inability to exercise its sovereignty and control territory
- Resources were the coveted constants that states failed to master
- The failure of the state space opened to the presence of many destabilizing transnational actors in pursuit for interests
- Conflicts in Africa have also exacerbated by geopolitical and strategic stakes of the great powers in Africa seeking to maximize their power
- Africa was a breeding ground for indirect confrontation of the great powers
- The post-Cold War saw the emergence of new types of low intensity conflicts
The European Union can be defined as a supranational and inter governmental organization. Later comprising 27 member states, the EU was created on February 7, 1992, with the signing of the Maastricht Treaty by the 12 member states of the EEC. It has no legal personality for its own powers but shares this with its member states.
It differs from other international organizations; here the member states have incorporated the organizational policy into their constitutions and indeed, its present policy areas are marked by both federalism and intergovernmental approach. 'Free nations of the West in their political institutions have both family likeness and individual traits': this quotation of Esmein leads us to examine how the state can be adapted to European integration.
Indeed, although the 27 member states of the Community collectively participate in the activities of the latter through various means and procedures, each keeps its own characteristics: it is in light of this dualism between internal institutions and European institutions that we try to study the question.
To do this, we will look analyze the adaptations of national law with Community law and subsequently, we shall discuss the delegation of legislative powers by Parliaments, and the European Parliament. Our attention will be mostly engaged by the case of the French state.
Tags: EU, Maastricht Treaty, EEC, European integration