Cyprus and the enlargement policy of the European Union
- What is the greenhouse effect?
- The determining factors
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On July 4, 1990, George Iacovou, Minister of Foreign Affairs, representing the Government of the Republic of Cyprus applied for membership in the European Economic Community on behalf of the whole island. He stressed that "it is a statement of confidence in the values and European institutions in seeking a solution to the Cyprus problem and the conflict must be resolved according to European principles and rules of democracy and law". Alternatively, though the membership does not allow the settlement of the Cyprus issue, the Union membership is seen as a means to protect them from invasion by Turkey, which remains a subject of concern for the Greek community on the Island. Recognizing this, President Clerides stressed clearly that "were the island's accession to materialize, Turkey should abandon its expansionist designs on the island, because intervening in a country that is a member of the European Union is impossible to contemplate." Responding positively in 1993 to Cyprus' application and then confirming this answer later, the European Commission acknowledges that it also has interests in the accession of Cyprus to the European Union. The situation in Cyprus has indeed, several advantages for Europe, first from the strategic point of view, because the island is located a few kilometers from the energy zones of the Middle East, and secondly from the Caspian Sea. The control of these areas would therefore be better protected. Economically the EU may have an interest in joining the Republic of Cyprus, not because of the market offered by this very narrow island, but because of the role of commercial and financial hub that it plays. Also, the accession of Cyprus is of some interest in terms of migration control. Many Kurds, Iraqis and Egyptians seem to pass through Cyprus to reach Europe to England or Italy. Thus, the upgrading of Cyprus in the European immigration policy would ultimately help to better control illegal immigration. But for the "Gateway to Cyprus' European Union to be fully controlled in terms of migration, the North Island sold also be integrated in the European Union. From the diplomatic point of view, the accession of Cyprus is seen by the Commission as a very positive note for the European Union.