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Decentralization in the EU

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  1. Introduction
  2. The Mosaic of identities
    1. Punjabi
    2. The Sindhis
    3. Mohajirs
    4. Pathan and Baluchi minorities
    5. Kashmiris
  3. The political construction of national identity
    1. The notion of national identity
    2. Pakistani Muslim identity or identities ?
    3. Language:Unifying or divisive ?
    4. Foreign policy and national identity
  4. Conclusion

Decentralization is defined as the" transfer of powers from central government institutions for the benefit of having separate bodies from those of the State (local authorities or public institutions)? (Political Sociology, Braud, Lexicon). It is differentiated from devolution where the state delegates its representatives at the local level without skills, but these are unlinked or independent representatives of the state.

Decentralization recognizes the autonomy of local authorities on the powers delegated to them while devolution concentrates on autonomy in the central authority. On the other hand, the autonomy afforded by decentralization is legitimized by the election. Decentralization is seen as one of the spearheads of the European Union, although it may settle differently and at different levels within the States thereof. Decentralization increases the multiplicity of actors and tends to a solution of the decision, which begs the question: who governs? To what extent is the functioning of decentralization consistent with the stated and desired objectives?

No state has ever been fully centralized, but was often subject to minimum decentralization. However, the state has for long had no pressure which is above the international level, there is still the only one to hold the "Kompetenz der Kompetenz", in other words the ability to create policies to develop certain skills. International organizations and European integration have gradually imposed rules to the states. However, there were already some states including decentralized federal (United States) and the confederal (Switzerland).

Tags: Decentralization; European Union; functioning of decentralization;

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