Democratizing Europe: On the quest for a common public space
- Europe in a lame condition: A lake of identity a democracy.
- Neither knowledge nor identity.
- No democracy.
- Solutions for a democratisation of Europe: How to create a common public space.
- Dream of a post-national democracy: Habermas and Jean-Marc Ferry's solutions to make it true.
- The functionalist method, another way to create a common public space.
We all remember the rebuff of the constitution from France and the Nederland in spring 2005 and the further comments on the event. Many bet on an end of Europe. This refusal called into question Europe that was upset that stopped for a while. Of course, although this reject was not a good point for Europe, regarding the numerous debates that occurred, we observe that euro-citizens wished to appropriate the European issues. Indeed, the vote participation was high (69.37% in France and 64,8% in the Nederland). Though the people felt estranged from the micro bubble from Brussels, Europeans wanted to get involved in constructing Europe. They just wanted to be heard and to make Europe change. The people were on the quest of a public place.
[...] Other figure is also relevant: only 52% of French citizens and of the British think that belonging to the EU is a good thing, like the eurobarometre of spring 07 shows. That leads to a lake of democracy: B No democracy Habermas defines a lake of legitimacy ?each time the circle of persons who participate to democratic decisions doesn't correspond with the circle of those who undergo their consequences?. It's what Europe is blamed for. Brussels only refers to a technocratic power that the population doesn't understand. [...]
[...] Europe started to create beneficial programmes to lead to a public space and to make it public: The programme active European citizenship aims at establishing a basic instrument for awarding grants to promote active European citizenship over a three-year period (2004-2006). The programme sets out to support bodies working in the field of active European citizenship and to promote activities in that field. This programme covers particular bodies: Europe" Association ; Jean Monnet house ; Robert Schumann house ; Platform of European social NGOs, European Council on Refugees and Exiles (ECRE). [...]