Dynamism of the Union through the careful but effective participation of Sweden within the European Community
- A potential economic and ecological importance
- A possible flexibility of the treaty for a future operation?
- Climatic upheaval with multiple outcomes
- Towards recognition of indigenous peoples
- The Arctic: a military zone that is highly strategic
It is through this paper that one will be able to retrace the route taken by Sweden, of a policy that has remained long opposed to community integration as it entered the Union in 1995, until recently when Sweden has held since the 1st July 2009 the presidency of the European Union. The question that may arise under the dynamism and coherence of the EU policy is to see at first why Sweden has long refused to join the European Union. It will then examine the reasons for its membership in 1995 and the question of the attitude of Sweden since 1995, and the objectives that it displays on the occasion of its presidency including the European Union since 1July 2009.
There are several reasons for why Sweden has long refused to join the European Union. Thus, in 1955 - at the height of Cold War between theEastern Bloc (the Soviet bloc was controlled by an iron hand by the USSR) and the block of the West (the Western bloc headed by the only real victors of the Second World War, the United States) - on the occasion of the Messina Conference, the real premise of the establishment of a European Union through the Treaty of Rome of 1957, Sweden argued its inability to join a project of establishment of supra-state organizations in Europe. For example, Sweden already marked its reluctance to any form of integration into a supranational organizationin particular because of its history and its neutral stance - in relation to conflicts that have pitted the European states ? a stance that it has adopted from the early 19th century. The policy of Sweden had yet to evolve, particularly for economic reasons since its refusal to join the European community could result in a withdrawal into itself by its commitment to protectionism.
Tags: Sweden; integration into the European Union; commitment to protectionism; Sweden's refusal to join the EU