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Elections in the European Parliament

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  1. Introduction
  2. Dior and its communication strategy
    1. Home Perfume Christian Dior
    2. Dior, the seamless communication
  3. J'adore - Dior - the absolute woman
    1. The world of perfume
    2. The name of the perfume
    3. Love
    4. The bottle
    5. Competitors at the time
    6. Campaigns
  4. Analysis of the advertising campaign of 2006
    1. The story of the woman I love in 2006
    2. The marketing brief

The European Parliament is responsible for the direct representation of citizens of the European Union. Its existence is governed by Section 9A of the Treaty establishing the European Union which states as follows: "The European Parliament is composed of representatives of EU citizens." It takes decisions in partnership with the European Commission and the Council. It must therefore confirm with the choice of each of the Commissioners. There is a collective responsibility and policy of the Commission before the Parliament. Its ability to influence decisions of the Commission is considerable. Since March 16, 1999, before the revolt of MEPs, the Santer Commission resigned.

If the Reform Treaty had been signed in Lisbon in 2007 and ratified by all member states, its powers could have been expanded. Following the decision taken by Heads of States of member countries of the EEC in 1976, members of Parliament are elected by universal suffrage. This move was strongly criticized by Jean-Paul Sartre, who perceived it as a sham and denounced the general anti-democratic character of the European Community. Spinelli (1907-1986), the man of the Italian left and considered one of the "fathers of Europe", gave answers to the same in a global forum.

He concedes that a vote by universal suffrage may remain superficial and illusory and even manipulative in building a democracy: "Having decided in these circumstances to better engage the people and Parliament, it represents a logical policy which has manifested itself many times in history when the princes of the past, breathless with their powers apparently strong in superficial reality, appealed to the parliaments."

This raises the question of the role played by the European Parliamentary elections in the appropriation by European citizens. Without commenting on the nature of European integration as a whole, is it fair to say that these elections have helped to "democratize" the EEC and the European Union? Do they draft a European political society which would rule on the ideological orientations of European policies? On a formal standpoint, the election of MEPs tends to respect democratic rules.

Originally, Article 138 of the Treaty of the European Parliament demanded elaborate "projects to allow the election by direct universal suffrage according to a uniform procedure in all Member States." But this decision should be taken by the Cabinet "unanimously" and according to "constitutional rules" of member states. Provisionally, the members of this Assembly are appointed by national parliaments in a manner determined by each State. The procedure leading to the elections began on May 17, 1960, when the Parliamentary Assembly approved a resolution to that effect, in accordance with Article 138.

However, the Council of Ministers did not give any result. It was not until the Paris Summit of 1974 that we saw the restart of the process, under the leadership of Valery Giscard. On September 20, 1976, the decision on the vote of the MEPs was adopted. However, the method of election differs across member states. Some apply the majority vote, others, such as France, apply a proportional vote.

Tags: European Parliament, direct universal suffrage , Santer Commission

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