Changes in the European legal order following the coming into effect of the Treaty of Lisbon
- A potential economic and ecological importance
- A possible flexibility of the treaty for a future operation?
- Climatic upheaval with multiple outcomes
- Towards recognition of indigenous peoples
- The Arctic: a military zone that is highly strategic
On 2 October, Ireland was called to discuss for the second time on the Treaty of Lisbon after having rejected it the first time in June 2008 and thus interrupting the process of the ratification of the Treaty. The stakes were high: in the legal point of view, this was a treaty amending the Treaty of Nice, the Treaty of Lisbon (TL) reproducing much of the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe (TECE) which, if had not been buried by the refusal of the French and Dutch referendum in 2005, it would have finally provided the EU a more understandable institutional framework because of the recognition of legal qualities of the Union, disappearance of the pillar system and the complete erasure of the European Community. Although this was not the case, Title V of Part III of TECE on the Union's external action was taken entirely in Part V of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU ). In light of these major changes, it seems relevant to ask what the consequences of the de facto will be in the European and international legal order. To understand the major changes that will soon be of interest to the Union, we proceed through a comparative analysis between the current situation and one that probably could be implemented. The conditional obligations are to the extent that, as in all legislative and institutional arrangements, there will be a lag between Law in Books and Law in Acts. Anyway, we should first return to the issue of legal personality (1) and then focus on relations with international organizations and third world countries (2). Aware of the magnitude of the material in this second part, our analysis will focus on the major changes introduced by the Treaty of Lisbon, especially in relation to the status of the Union in international organizations and the establishment of the Service European External Action Service (EAS) through the role of the new High Representative for Foreign and Security Policy (HR).