Afghanistan: a zone of tension
- The impact on growth in the euro area
- An economic slowdown
- Possible solutions
- A decline in interest rates
- A redefinition of the role of the ECB
The war on Afghanistan was declared by the United States reflecting the September 11 attacks that hit the territory of the latter. The Bush Administration decided to launch a war against terrorism and wanted to stop the mastermind of al-Qaeda, Osama bin Laden, who then stood in Afghan territory. That is why the US military decided to invade the territories where Al Qaeda had its bases with the support of the Taliban. By now the US had decided to accelerate militarily to the Islamic United Front and the National Hi Afghanistan to overthrow the Taliban. The United Front, known by the name as the Northern Alliance, held at the beginning of the conflict 5% of Afghan territory mainly in the north-east and west. Formally headed by former president Burhanuddin Rabbani, which is the main anti-Taliban organization. The United Front is an alliance of various armed groups who fought with each other for several years for gaining power over Afghanistan. These armed groups are almost all from the mujahideen who fought against the Soviet army during the war in Afghanistan from 1979 to 1989. When the Taliban took its power in 1996, these armed groups had decided to come together to fight against the Taliban. For several years they were forced to stay in the north-eastern Afghanistan, because of their lack of military strength. But with American help with a span of little over two months, the Northern Alliance was able to take full control of the country from late 2001 by early 2002. In mid-December the allied forces captured the capital Kabul and the Taliban regime was overthrown. After that NATO Treaty Organization (North Atlantic) which agrees to engage the Afghan theater with the creation and sending of the ISAF (ISAF French: International Security Assistance Force and Security). Despite of the US intervention what was done and what is still an area of Afghanistan potential, which countries have committed them do has not come out yet.