After 11th September - the U.S. relationship with the Greater Middle East, Africa and Eastern Europe
- The Mosaic of identities
- The Sindhis
- Pathan and Baluchi minorities
- The political construction of national identity
- The notion of national identity
- Pakistani Muslim identity or identities ?
- Language:Unifying or divisive ?
- Foreign policy and national identity
On September 11, 2001, the United States was attacked by the most ferocious enemy, terrorism. Since that date the U.S. has changed a lot. After the attack, they wanted to capture Bin Laden, who was the mastermind of all this violence, which has continued to grow worldwide. They then attacked Iraq. Has the U.S. really changed the face of the world through their actions which are increasingly common in many countries? The invasion of Iraq in 2003 reflects the "repositioning" of the United States around the world. They now use a new way of waging war. "We had to remove Saddam Hussein. We must change the situation in the Middle East and spread democracy in the world at the point of bayonets", are their words today. Their willingness to fight grows with heavy investment in the field of armaments. Today, the military budget of all the States of America is higher than all other departments, such as health or education. The American Way of War "which is based on American policy today is to significantly increase production in the field of aviation and armaments among others, even within States of America , locating factories of Boeing, KBR, Martins etc. everywhere. War in Iraq has helped more than fifty U.S. companies to "win" contracts. The war has become a real company that does not hesitate to advertise via the Pentagon spending over a billion dollars between 2002 and 2003. The United States of America are evidence of "economic colonialism", that is to say that through their domination of certain countries, they are always looking to grow, whatever the circumstances. Many coups were caused because the United States exerted a pressure on the militants (as in Eastern Europe where young revolutionaries are trained in the U.S.). They want to control the oil of which they are the primary consumers, for example in Chad where many facilities were put in place.