Can the energy crisis generate a new order?
- Popular wall paintings
- Painting in Society
- Instrumentalization and commodification
At a time when the world celebrates the sixtieth anniversary of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has received the Nobel Peace that some consider indecent. Yet according to the constitution adopted in 1957 the IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency) "aims to accelerate and enlarge the contribution of atomic energy to peace, health and prosperity around the World".
Does this introduce nuclear Energy as a safety factor? What about the "energy crisis" that seems to have shot in a sustainable manner on our economies? Indeed, although the last decade of the twentieth century is contrasted with the turbulent period from 1973 to 1987, energy in the twenty first century is still problematic, and remains a major challenge in a globalized world.
This question stimulates that international issues related to energy in the world. If there is talk of a "crisis", it must mean both shortage crisis as well as a source of tension. Through the study of space devoted to energy in international relations, one can wonder about the consequences of such a crisis-in the broadest sense, and its international implications. Can the energy crisis generate a new order?
For 3 billion people, traditional biomass (wood and plant waste) is the single main source of energy. Only a few countries have abundant sources of energy and cost that allow them to accelerate their well being and moving to a consumer society. Indeed, the conventional energy sources: oil, gas and coal reserves are being limited as they represent from 43 to 66 - and 232 years of production at current rates and conditions of operation. However, these figures do not mention the possibility of discovering new deposits and could therefore be in the future revised upwards. As for oil it would seem that one should instead calculate its depletion at around 90 years.
Although by definition limited, these energies are the three most used around the world. Indeed, oil accounted for 40% of commercial primary energy consumption worldwide in 2000 (source CEA, Handbook of Energy, 2001) and enjoyed a virtual monopoly in the transport sector where there was 95% more of energy used for this purpose.
The percentage devoted to natural gas in world energy consumption was 24.7% of them, close to that rate on coal (25%).Conversely, in 2000, nuclear and hydro did not exceed 7.6 and 2.6%. It thus appears that the possession of energy may be a factor of power and domination, the very fact of its limited nature. This is particularly true in the oil sector due to the fact that market interest world-wide, as oil remains the most traded commodity and its price changes have an impact on external balances and growth in all countries.
Tags: Energy; shortage of energy crisis; impact of oil price changes; crisis in energy sector worldwide; generation of new order;