Children and their development in the war years
- The reasons for the Irish "no"
- The context of the referendum
- The reasons for the rejection
- The ways out of the crisis
- How did the crisis happen?
- What to do now?
Children need a protective environment for their growth. This protective framework is most often provided by their families and the community. During the wars, this framework is most often distorted because more families are torn or split apart which often requires thousands of children to meet their own needs. Today's wars have devastating effects on children. Children may be killed, maimed, jailed, or recruited into armed forces or groups, exploited or made victims of sexual violence or human trafficking.
It is possible to analyze the problem of children in the war and its different aspects and give some examples to show the extent of the problem. This paper will refer to international treaties that protect children in these situations and conclude on the importance of universal participation in these instruments and their knowledge to ensure the best possible protection for children in especially difficult circumstances such as armed conflicts.
The rights of the child have been mentioned in several international treaties, including the famous International Convention on the Rights of the Child, adopted in 1989. Before the treaty, only the Declaration of Rights of the Child, adopted in 1959 was specifically dedicated to children. The difference between a declaration and a treaty is that the former has no binding force.
The childhood, however, has always been a preoccupation of the international community and, in 1979 the year had been proclaimed by the UN as the International Year of the Child. This year marks a greater awareness and this allowed Poland to initiate a process to draft an international treaty, which then gave rise to the adoption of the Convention on the Rights of the Child.
In November 2009, celebrations were held to mark the 20th anniversary of the adoption of this Convention. This international treaty, adopted on November 20, 1989, was the first treaty specifically designed to protect children. It devotes the recognition of a "newborn" as holder of rights attached to its person. These rights are listed in a holistic manner in this treaty.
Tags: Children; development during war years; protection of children; Convention on the Rights of the Child; international treaty;