Confrontation between nationalisms in Asia
- The reasons for the Irish "no"
- The context of the referendum
- The reasons for the rejection
- The ways out of the crisis
- How did the crisis happen?
- What to do now?
In terms of the tensions and conflicts in Asia today, does moving towards one therefore lead to a clash of nationalisms in that part of the globe?
Throughout the Asian continent, we witness the spread of various ideologies of violence that emanate from the disparities within the society in terms of its values and beliefs. We will develop the two main currents present.
a - Islam
Islamism is a political-religious system that imposes sharia law in whole or in part as the fundamental law of a State. Today it also includes the refusal to adopt the characteristics of Western modernity, it attempts to fight or even eliminate it.
Southeast Asia is affected by this phenomenon; South Asia suffers the most, especially with Pakistan which is designated as the bastion of Islamist and terrorist movements, India, which is one of the first targets, and of course Afghanistan, where international troops are fighting terrorists on their land, but we will get more details on these countries in the second half. In contrast, Pakistan plays a crucial role in spreading Islam as it is in this country that there is a good number of Islamic schools, the famous "madrassas" that impart education to would-be terrorists and mould future "bombers". This country is responsible for the spread of Islamism in the sense that the inculcation of the doctrine is mainly on its territory.
In addition, one form of the spread of violent Islam is through jihad, which means "holy war". Specifically, this refers to the attempt to expand the territories ruled by Muslims at the expense of territories ruled by non-Muslims. Jihad is intrinsically offensive in nature, its ultimate goal being the domination of the Muslim world.
"Maoism is the political doctrine of Mao Zedong. There is a strict application of Marxism-Leninism by highlighting the national liberation struggles in third-world dominated by imperialism. " These characteristics and foundations include:
? put forward the revolutionary enthusiasm and voluntarism
? egalitarianism and collectivization of the means of production,
? Land reform and land redistribution to peasants,
? pooling and redistribution of crops,
? fight against the traditional organization of society responsible for poverty, against corruption, against drug use,
? suppression of personal ambition,
? fight against the elements considered revolutionary
? questioning of traditional arts and Western influences.
This movement gave rise especially after the Chinese Cultural Revolution to various political or guerrilla parties in Asia and also worldwide. Both China and Cambodia have paid a heavy price for these ultraviolent practices of the ideology held by a dictatorial political power. More recently, we must know that in 2008, Nepalese Maoists came to power after ten years of civil war.
c - Terrorism
In addition, and in many cases, the terrorist attacks reported by the media are claimed by Islamist groups. The fact that civilians are now targets of the terrorists is almost exclusively the effect of this asymmetry. Terrorists cannot deal with the armed forces, lack of resources (except in the specific context of an insurgency that includes the guerrillas), they have to attack other targets, including, logically, civilians.
Tags: Maoism, Terrorism, Islam