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Contrasting and comparing the ethics of the healthcare system in the Netherlands, Denmark and the United States of America by means of the different moral philosophies

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Satakunta University of Applied Sciences
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Kiki B.
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  1. Introduction
  2. The Netherlands
    1. Health care system
    2. Egoism
    3. Utilitarianism
    4. Deontology
    5. Relativists
    6. Virtue ethics
    7. Justice
  3. Denmark
    1. Health care system
    2. Egoism
    3. Utilitarianism
    4. Deontology
    5. Relativists
    6. Virtue ethics
    7. Justice
  4. United States Of America
    1. Health care system
    2. Egoism
    3. Utilitarianism
  5. Conclusion

I'll be going over 3 different health care systems in 3 different countries; the Netherlands, Denmark and the United States of America. For each country I will give a brief explanation of the current health care system and then I will go over the advantages and disadvantages keeping the following moral philosophies in mind:

?Teleology ? Stipulates that acts are morally right or acceptable if they produce some desired result, such as realization of self-interest or utility.
?Egoism ? Defines right or acceptable actions as those that maximize a particular person's self-interest as defined by the individual.
?Utilitarianism ? Defines right or acceptable actions as those that maximize total utility, or the greatest good for the greatest number of people.
?Deontology ? Focuses on the preservation of individual rights and on the intentions associated with a particular behavior rather than on its consequences.
?Relativists ? Evaluates ethicalness subjectively on the basis of individual and group experiences.
?Virtue ethics ? Assumes that what is moral in a given situation is not only what conventional morality requires but also what the mature person with a ?good? moral character would deem appropriate.
?Justice ? Evaluates ethicalness on the basis of fairness: distributive, procedural, and interactional

[...] Although a firm believer of justice from another culture might say otherwise, a Danish inhabitant believing in justice will state that the current healthcare system is definitely in accord with justice United States Of America 1. Health care system Universal Health Care in the United States is currently non-existent. Health care is provided by different legal entities, which are largely owned and operated by the private sector. Unlike the Netherlands, health care facilities can reject a persons' application for healthcare on grounds of illness or high-risk. [...]


[...] The only argument that could be brought up is once again from an egoistic capitalistic point of view, the system keeps the insurer from a potential higher profit Utilitarianism The concept of utilitarianism is one that I personally associate with socialism, as socialism to me is mostly focused on equal opportunities and a desired result for the greatest amount of people. The Danish nurturing feministic government providing healthcare for all inhabitants is a utilitarian's wet dream Deontology It is in no way against the law that the government enforces universal health care in Denmark. [...]


[...] Another group of people would be happy with this system, keeping their freedom in mind, refusing to be ?forced' by the government to get healthcare and lose their free choice. These people would view the current system as right and ethical Utilitarianism One of the arguments against the current American healthcare system used by utilitarianisms and supporters of justice would be that the system is more accessible for the wealthier part of the population Of the population does not have access to healthcare insurance. [...]

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