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Critical assessment of the relationships between sovereignty, the nation and the offshore world.

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Nora B.
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  1. To understand the problematic of the offshore world it is necessary to define what we mean by offshore.
  2. state sovereignty is one of the basic concepts in international relations.
  3. Sovereignty is also being commodified through offshore.
  4. I will now focus on the onshore state, nation and democracy.
  5. The notion of sovereignty is being fundamentally changed as a result of the contact with the offshore world.

Although in the contemporary world of globalization, international organizations and institutions blur boundaries between nations and the existence of state sovereignty is frequently questioned, these concepts can still be regarded as points of departure in international politics. Moreover, in spite of the fact that state, sovereignty and nation are fictional concepts, which were designed to draw up a comprehensible picture of the international arena, they can still be considered the most basic and key notions in international relations theory. However, even though they have not been eroded, they have been loosing their original significance and stability and are being redefined by the overwhelming presence of capitalism. The presence of the offshore phenomenon is constantly reaffirming the force of capital with no regard to boundaries. In this essay the relationships between sovereignty, the nation and the offshore world will be explored and analyzed through looking at how offshore finance forms (erodes, redefines or strengthens) the notion of sovereignty and how it affects or transforms the nation as such.

[...] This type of regulatory realm (or rather non-regulatory) attracts a significant percentage of financial activity and capital flow in the global economy, it actually dominates international financial transactions, thus as Hewson asserts when we speak about the study of finance, we speak about the study of offshore market[6]. However, if we try to define the offshore world, it is crucial to notice where the real ?playground' of offshore really lies. Above the tax havens, there is another level of these financial transactions, where they actually take place are the traditional financial centres like London, New York and Tokyo. [...]


[...] Vol 25 Available at www.jstor.com [accessed 2008 Apr 8]. Hudson, A. (2000) Offshoreness, Globalization and Sovereignty: A Postmodern Geo-Political Economy?. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers. Vol 25 Available at www.jstor.com [accessed 2008 Apr 8]. Palan,Ronen. Offshore and the Structural Enablement of Sovereignty. In: Hampton, M.P., Abbott, J.P. editors. Offshore Finance Centers and Tax Havens. p.18. Palan,Ronen. Offshore and the Structural Enablement of Sovereignty. In: Hampton, M.P., Abbott, J.P. editors. Offshore Finance Centers and Tax Havens. p.22 Palan, R. (2002) Tax Havens and the Commercialization of State [...]


[...] (2002) Tax Havens and the Commercialization of State Sovereignty. International Organization. Vol Available at www.jstor.com [accessed Apr Palan, R.(1998) Trying to Have Your Cake and Eating It: How and Why the State System Created Offshore. International Studies Quarterly. Vol.42 Available at www.jstor.com [accessed 2008 Apr 9]. Palan, R.(1998) Trying to Have Your Cake and Eating It: How and Why the State System Created Offshore. International Studies Quarterly. Vol.42 Available at www.jstor.com [accessed 2008 Apr 9]. Cohen, S. (2005) The State and the Challenge of New Actors. [...]

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